Pope has become the youngest cricketer to take seven wickets in a Sheffield Shield innings.

The 18-year-old South Australian took 7-87 on Thursday to carve through Queensland and take a slice of cricket history.

Pope's stunning haul helped to bowl the Bulls out for 231, with SA 0-39 at stumps on the opening day at Adelaide Oval.

In just his second first-class game, the red-headed tweaker took the last seven wickets to fall in Queensland's innings.

Aged 18 years and 328 days, he set a new benchmark along the way.

Pope is the only 18-year-old to take seven wickets in an innings in the Shield's 126-year history, eclipsing the record held by Doug Walters, who was 19 years and 50 days when he took 7-63 for NSW in 1964-65.

Three of Pope's victims fell to vicious wrong'uns, including the prized scalp of top-scorer Joe Burns, who made 64.

Burns was adjudged lbw to a googly, Pope soon after trapped Jack Wildermuth (38) in front with another superb wrong'un and later bowled Michael Neser (13) with the same style of delivery.

Queensland's Test prospects Matthew Renshaw and Marnus Labuschagne both fell for three, while SA batsman Callum Ferguson was ruled out of the match because of a calf injury.

Ferguson might also miss the following round of Shield fixtures starting next week in a blow to his chances to push for selection in the Test series against India starting in December.

Renshaw, in his first Shield game of the season after recovering from concussion, and Labuschagne were both dismissed by SA quick Joe Mennie, who took 2-35.

Renshaw missed an attempted drive to a fullish ball which hit off stump, while Labuschagne was out on his ninth ball, edging a Mennie delivery to first slip.

Redbacks paceman Chadd Sayers (1-45) soon trapped Charlie Hemphrey lbw for four to reduce the Bulls to 3-29 inside 11 overs.

Pope then took centre-stage with a string of wickets from his 22.2 overs, including being denied a hat-trick.

South Australia will resume Day Two 0-39.